Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: a step-by-step guide

Step 5

Data extraction

Devise a form tailored to your research question to ensure you obtain all relevant information from each of the included studies. You will need to pilot and refine this form before your final search. Ideally this form should be electronic to minimise transcription errors.

This will generally include details of study characteristics, participant characteristics, intervention and setting, and results.

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